Does Cyber Harassment affect Employees? A Survey

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Cyberbullying is becoming more and more prevalent. Children, celebrities and campaigners are among those who have experienced abuse, whilst evidence suggests that it is also becoming a problem in workplaces.


4727417010651136In the past decade communication technologies have increasingly infiltrated the workplace. For instance, UK office workers send and receive 10,000 emails per year according to researchers at Warwick Business School. Many of these will be generic work requests, a few might be impolite and some could be downright abusive.

There are reasons to believe that cyberbullying behaviours perpetrated in the organisational context are more subtle than those observed among children and adolescents. This is because employees are bound by regulations that prohibit explicit abuse aimed at co-workers and adults may have developed the capacity to disguise bullying behaviours. Despite this, workplace cyberbullying can still cause harm as researchers have linked it to low job satisfaction, mental strain and intention to quit the organisation.

Examples of workplace cyberbullying can include online threats, overly critical emails and the distribution of embarrassing pictures and personal information. Aspects of computer mediated communication mean that workplace cyberbullying differs from offline workplace bullying in several key ways. For instance, it is possible for perpetrators to remain anonymous, the perpetrator and victim are often in different locations when messages are distributed and cyber acts can be seen by a much larger audience. Furthermore, certain acts of cyberbullying are more permanent than the transience of offline bullying acts and they can be experience by employees outside of the work environment.

Before in-depth research can address workplace cyberbullying it is critical to develop valid and reliable tools to measure it. This is the focus of a study being run by researchers at the University of Sheffield. If you are employed and would like to take part in the study please click on the link below.

Researchers from the University of Sheffield are working with the support of No Bullying to identify how negative behaviours conducted through technology can impact employee health, job satisfaction and working relationships. People are increasingly using technology to communicate with their colleagues. It is therefore important to investigate how negative technology-mediated behaviours affect employees.

If you are employed and would like to contribute to knowledge on cyberbullying within the context of work, we would like to invite you to take a short survey on negative technological experiences, job satisfaction, health and work engagement.

To obtain data that will give a casual indication of how negative technological behaviours affect people, we need to collect data now and again in six months’ time. Therefore we would like to invite you to complete this survey now as well as a second survey that will be distributed in six months.

This study has been ethically approved by the Sheffield University Management School. All responses are anonymous and strictly confidential. You are also free to withdraw from the study at any time by closing the web page. To participate in the study click on this link.


images (10)Learn more about the Study and do take some time to participate in it.smiley-wearing-glasses-reading-a-book


Sam Farley is a doctoral researcher at Sheffield University Management School – email sjfarley1@sheffield.ac.uk twitter: @sam_farley3


Cyberbullying in the Workplace, Study and Survey Covered by NoBullying Today


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Bullying in fast Forward

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Photo courtesy of Times-Herald.com

Photo courtesy of Times-Herald.com

Each week I receive hundreds of emails about “BULLYING” and the effects it has on individuals and society as a whole, with my now busy schedule unfortunately I don’t get a chance to read them all rather I have to pick and choose which ones I will read and or post.
So knowing that, I am going to share a few of my personal selections and you can decide which are most important to you or not. Thank you for following along with B.P, and for your support because the end to “BULLYING” starts with you.
By Terry Kinden – November 10, 2014


LETS BULLY….”HATE”.









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Astronaut Scott Kelly Has a Great Anti-Bullying Message for National Bullying Prevention Awareness Month

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Listen up, Earthlings


Photo courtesy of NASA

Photo courtesy of NASA

If a victim were capable of fixing things on their own, the world would have no problems. As NASA astronaut Scott Kelly points out, it’s important not to just be a bystander but instead to speak out when you see something that’s unacceptable in society—whether it’s bullying or anything else. It’s important to have vocal allies. If you won’t take it from me, take it from a spaceman.

You may remember astronaut Scott Kelly as the man who will embark on a year-long mission in space to investigate space’s effects on the human body with the help of his twin brother in March 2015. Kelly recorded this message about standing up against bullying to promote October’s National Bullying Prevention Awareness month and the federal government’s push to stop bullying.

“I felt compelled to act after hearing about the various cases of bullying around the country last year. I thought of my own daughters, and I recalled my experiences as a child watching other kids bully others without accountability,” Kelly said. “Bullying affects not only the child adversely but also stunts our growth as a society. It is everyone’s responsibility to stand up against bullying.”



(via NASA) by Dan Van Winkle for The Mary Sue – Friday, October 24th 2014


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S.Korean thriller ‘Socialphobia’ tackles cyber bullying

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The cast of 'Socialphobia'. This thriller about Internet-obsessed youngsters is seeking to shed light on a growing culture of cyber-bullying in a country with one of the world's highest youth suicide rates

The cast of ‘Socialphobia’. This thriller about Internet-obsessed youngsters is seeking to shed light on a growing culture of cyber-bullying in a country with one of the world’s highest youth suicide rates

SEOUL: A new South Korean thriller about Internet-obsessed youngsters is seeking to shed light on a growing culture of cyber-bullying in a country with one of the world’s highest youth suicide rates.

“Socialphobia”, which received its world premier at the 19th Busan International Film Festival on Saturday, follows two nascent cyberbullies who become targets themselves.

The first feature film by director Hong Seok-Jae offers a vivid, detailed portrayal of the South’s vibrant yet highly volatile online landscape, where a petty online debate can quickly escalate.

South Korea is one of the world’s most wired nations, with broadband Internet omnipresent and more than 70 percent of the population owning smartphones.

Major Internet portals prominently display hourly updates on the latest trending topics — a practice critics accuse of fanning a herd mentality.

Aggressive cyber bullying, especially targeting celebrities, has been blamed for numerous suicides in recent years including the death of a leading actress in 2008.

It is against this backdrop that the film’s main characters — aspirant police officers named Kim Ji-Woong and Ha Yong-Min — get embroiled in an Internet witch hunt involving a young woman.

Angered by her tweet about a young soldier killed on duty, netizens unearth the woman’s real name, photo and home address.

A group of young men, including Kim and Ha, then organise a trip — live broadcast on a video-streaming website — to her home where they find her dead after apparently hanging herself.

The two young men then become the targets of a cyber backlash, as they are blamed for her suicide.

Seeking redemption, the boys convince themselves that the girl was murdered and set out to investigate her past.

The plot and its characters were inspired by real-life events and Internet commentators, Hong said in an interview with AFP.

“South Korea has such an overgrown Internet community where young people continually form an anonymous clique and look for a battle against some perceived ‘enemy’,” the 31-year-old said.

“For many, bullying seems to have become another form of online game they play,” he added.


Plot rooted in reality - continue reading »»»


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Asperger syndrome and bullying

6227859819462656bully.previewI often get asked what I think is most important in protecting young people diagnosed with Asperger Syndrome (AS) from bullying. I certainly don’t have all the answers, but I do have an answer for this particular question. My answer is always this, “Proactive, trained adults are the key to successful bullying prevention.” Having said this, one of the most crucial aspects of this training must include providing adults with the information they need in order to identify individuals who are extremely high-risk for being targeted. This will enable them to more effectively prevent bullying and intervene when it occurs.

There are a lot of myths surrounding bullying. “Boys will be boys,” “What doesn’t kill you makes you stronger,” “Bullying is just human nature, a fact of life,” “Kids can be so cruel,” and my least favorite, “We don’t allow bullying here. We have a zero tolerance policy.” The facts are less palatable. Every day 160,000 children do not go to school because they are afraid of being bullied. Moderate to severe physical and psychological symptoms and disorders can occur as a consequence of being bullied (or from taking on the role of the bully). School avoidance, refusal, and eventually withdrawal can result when children are bullied. Furthermore, there is considerable agreement among many bullying experts that zero tolerance not only doesn’t prevent bullying, it may in fact cause additional problems; including but not limited to, an increase in suspensions and expulsions and a lack of real change in the attitudes affecting school culture.

According to the research of Dr. Liza Little, 94% of children and youth with AS are bullied. Compared to studies of the general population, kids with AS are four times more by their peers or siblings. In my own experiences with facilitating a parent support group for parents of children diagnosed with AS, working as a counselor at a camp for children of all ages with AS, and other relationships and correspondence working and learning from individuals with AS, I feel the incidence of bullying is closer to 100%.

Accordingly, children and youth with AS are over represented in the 5-10% of individuals who are so frequently, chronically, and too often severely bullied and excluded that if they do not receive significant support from adults, they will most likely not be able to progress positively in school and certainly will not reach their potential.

What can adults do in light of these sobering facts? We start by truly understanding and acknowledging the vulnerability of individuals with AS and actively seeking information from them about their social experiences. Because of their high-risk status and social deficits, I feel strongly that students with AS should be given a bullying survey followed by an individual interview concerning their social experiences at school and elsewhere. Special attention should be given to whether they are experiencing any verbal, physical, or social bullying, including peer shunning. Peer shunning is the act of ignoring or excluding someone. Dr. Little identifies a high incidence of peer shunning experienced by individuals with AS, which continues to increase throughout the school years and peaks in high school. Where there is peer shunning, there is social isolation. Social isolation, or being alone, increases the risk of being bullied and decreases the likelihood of peer protection when bullying occurs.

In my book, Perfect Targets: Asperger Syndrome and Bullying–Practical Solutions for Surviving the Social World, I included a modified bullying survey called the “Modified Inventory of Wrongful Activities.” This survey states questions clearly and concisely, using examples to help clarify the intent of social language and nonverbal communication. Unfortunately, some individuals with AS are not even aware when that they are being bullied because of their social naivety and impaired social cognition. As a result, adults must be exceptionally vigilant in their observations and be willing to do additional detective work when problems occur involving the social arena. It has been my experience that sometimes well-meaning adults are often too quick to point out a social error the child with AS has made when such issues occur. This may contribute to further victimization because individuals with AS are very likely to make social blunders or errors because of the innate characteristics of their disability. Since many people who experience chronic, frequent bullying carry a lot of self-blame and shame, we must be careful not to add on any further blame and shame. We cannot expect the most vulnerable, least empowered individual, the child with AS who is being bullied, to fix the problem.

Another critical aspect of our adult role in bullying prevention is to address low-level bullying when it occurs in our presence or is reported to us. When low-level bullying is ignored or even encouraged, it implies acceptance and further victimizes the targeted child. It also creates a heightened sense of hopelessness and feeds the tendency of children not to go to adults for help. A few examples of low-level bullying are name-calling, other types of put-downs, nonverbal gestures and “dirty” looks, and intentionally leaving someone out of a group activity. These are common occurrences in the school environment and only a sampling of the types of bullying children experience. Unfortunately, research indicates that adults almost always underestimate the extent and impact of bullying compared to what students report they are experiencing. Research also indicates a “culture of silence” where children do not report bullying and hold low expectations for the amount of support and help adults will give them. Obviously, we need to be more diligent in our awareness of bullying and our responses when it occurs or is reported to us.

An equally important adult responsibility is to make sure that we model the behaviors we require from our students or our own children. Efforts to impact the behavior and attitudes of our children will fail miserably if we as adults do not hold ourselves to the same or higher levels of respect and accountability. The use of sarcasm is a common type of adult bullying and though it may be useful in the short term at controlling behavior, it comes at the expense of humiliating and angering our youth. For children with AS who may already be experiencing bullying by their peers and have less social support, this can create even more vulnerability and may contribute to them becoming a scapegoat for an entire class or school community. Adult acceptance, support, and protection are extremely critical for any child in this situation. Having an adult take action, take a stand, or even take an interest in this child can make all the difference. Bullying prevention programs are not just programs for kids. Adults play a key role. We have a long way to go before we can expect our children to trust that we are committed to making a difference where bullying is concerned, but the stakes are high and it is worth the effort. Students who are bullied are less likely to succeed in school and are more likely to experience potentially serious psychological and/or physical consequences, including contemplating or committing suicide, as a result of being bullied. It matters less what we say; what matters most is what we do.

Rebekah Heinrichs M.S.N., M.S. Ed. earned a Master’s degree in pediatric nursing (University of Kentucky, 1982) and a Master’s degree in special education/autism and Asperger Syndrome (University of Kansas, 2001) and is the author of Perfect Targets: Asperger Syndrome and Bullying–Practical Solutions for Surviving the Social World

Rebekah Heinrichs M.S.N., M.S. Ed. Courtesy of APPC

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United Nations “Join our International Youth Day…”

5963225073975296Do you want to commemorate International Youth Day, but are unsure how? Then take a read through our IYD toolkit for some ideas to get you started!

International Youth Day
International Youth Day is commemorated on 12 August each year. UN DESA encourages all young people, youth structures, and civil society to celebrate and commemorate International Youth Day in a variety of ways. Many of you already have ideas or plans on what you want to do, but for those of you who aren’t quite sure, take a read through some of the ideas below!

Join our campaign
You can help commemorate IYD with the simple click of a button! Join our online campaign running from 12 June- 12 August 2014. Use the to help spread the wo #MentalHealthMatters rd and reduce stigma surrounding youth with mental health conditions. Join our event page on Facebook to learn more about the campaign and how you can get involved.
We’ll be collecting submissions in the form of artwork, stories, and photos to be included in our celebrations on 12 August. Follow us on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and Pinterest to find out more! #MentalHealthMatters #UN4Youth

Organize an Event or Activity
One visible and interactive way to commemorate International Youth Day is by organising an event or activity in your school or community. Whether its 5 or 500 people, you can help celebrate the Day. Work with your youth structure, school or with some friends and/or colleagues to brainstorm about the type of event you want. From a discussion, to performance, online to offline, the possibilities are endless. Below are some suggested activities for you to consider: Seminars, lectures and debates: Initiate round table discussions among adults and young people to promote intergenerational understanding and partnerships on the issue of how to overcome stigma surrounding youth with mental health conditions.

To find out more, click here to view the Toolkit.

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Webinar: Perspectives on LGBT Suicide Prevention

hands-imgA webinar on the Prevention of LGBT Suicide and the Role of Health Professionals and Religious/Spiritual Advisors

Despite some improvements in public attitudes toward gay marriages and greater acceptance of homosexuality, disparities in suicide ideation and attempts between LGBT and heterosexual youth persist. New research indicates that few LGBT people sought help prior to attempting suicide and when LGBT people did seek help it was not effective in preventing suicide attempts. Further, counseling from a religious or spiritual advisor was associated with worse outcomes. Compared with individuals who did not seek help at all, those who sought help from a religious or spiritual advisor were more likely later to attempt suicide. Black LGBTs were also more likely than White or Latino LGBTs to seek treatment in religious or spiritual settings prior to a suicide attempt.

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Speakers:
Ilan H. Meyer, Ph.D., Williams Senior Scholar of Public Policy, Williams Institute, UCLA School of Law
Abbe Land, Executive Director, The Trevor Project
Ann Haas, Ph.D., Senior Consultant, American Foundation for Suicide Prevention
Rev. Delman Coates, Ph.D., Senior Pastor, Mt. Ennon Baptist Church

Discussant:
Peter Goldblum, Ph.D., Professor, Director of the Center for LGBTQ Evidence-based Applied Research (CLEAR), Palo Alto University

About:
Dr. Meyer will summarize recent research showing that, at least in the past, few LGBT people sought help prior to attempting suicide and when LGBT people did seek help it was not effective in preventing suicide attempts. Study respondents who sought mental health or medical treatment at some time prior to their suicide attempt (or, among those who did not attempt suicide, prior to the age when suicide might have been attempted) were as likely as respondents who did not seek any mental health treatment to have a suicide attempt or serious suicide attempt after this time. However, counseling from a religious or spiritual advisor was associated with worse outcomes. Compared with individuals who did not seek help at all, those who sought help from a religious or spiritual advisor were more likely later to attempt suicide.

Ms. Land will discuss the role of professionals and trained peer counselors in suicide prevention, especially related to LGBT youth. She will also describe preventive trainings, programs, and model policies offered by The Trevor Project, the leading national organization providing crisis intervention and suicide prevention services to LGBT and questioning young people ages 13-24.

Dr. Haas will discuss advances and challenges in research of prevention of suicide in LGBT populations.

Rev. Coates is Senior Pastor of Mt. Ennon Baptist Church in Clinton, MD and President of the Black Church Center for Justice and Equality, committed to reclaiming the social justice tradition of the Black church. Rev. Coates believes in keeping the legacy of African American Christian activism and the responsibility of progressive faith leaders to further Christian love and American democracy. He will talk about why he believes it is important for African American pastors to dispel the myth the bible condemns homosexuality and the role of LGBT individuals in the Black church.

Dr. Goldblum is the co-editor of Youth Suicide and Bullying: Challenges and Strategies for Prevention and Intervention (forthcoming September 2014, Oxford University Press). Dr. Goldblum will discuss the four presentations and share from his own extensive experience as director of a clinic that specializes in working with LGBT people.
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What is Cyberbullying? Stop Online Bullying!

Having a constant internet connection can be a great thing, but unfortunately it also has its negative side effects. Cyberbullying through text messages and online social media accounts is becoming an increasingly larger problem among teens. According to the non-profit organization Bullying Statistics, as many as 50% of teens have been cyberbullied.

Stop Cyberbullying & Online Bullying Infographic
What is cyberbullying? Use our infographic to learn more about what cyberbullying is. Find facts, statistics and definitions to further educate yourself about the threat of online bullying. Both teens and parents can find helpful tips and advice on how to stop cyberbullying.
What is Cyberbullying Infographic: Cyberbullying Definition & Statistics
Via: calera.biz

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ANTI-BULLYING SHOWCASE AT FACEBOOK LONDON

As we now leave the political arena behind…facebook-antibullying2_article_detailZach_LOW_RES_smallOn Wednesday 2nd July 2014, I was lucky to attend an Anti-Bullying Showcase at Facebook London Offices.

During this event, Anti-Bullying Ambassadors from 6 secondary schools across England demonstrated the hard work they were doing to combat bullying online and offline within their schools and communities through visual films of their work – they were joined by a host of special guests and celebrities.

The Showcase began with an introduction from both Simon Milner (Policy Director, UK, Middle East and Africa, Facebook) and Alex Holmes (Anti-Bullying Programme Manager, Diana Award).

This was followed by speeches from special guests, and videos from each of the secondary schools.

Special guests included Jodie Marsh, Bars and Melody, Diversity, Adam Deacon, Will Poulter, Paul Potts, Lucy Kay and Luke Newberry.

The speeches made by these special guests were truly inspiring and reassuring to those being bullied and the Anti-Bullying ambassadors. (Britain’s Got Talent finalists Bars and Melody and Lucy Kay both gave phenomenal performances!)facebook-antibullying_mediumI found out that many schools across the country are taking a stand against bullying.

I was amazed at the innovative and effective ideas that the young people had created. These included mapping the areas of school which the pupils felt safe in, creating an anonymous bullying report website and releasing balloons which each had a tag with the schools’ details so whoever received the balloon could contact them if they were being bullied. Amazingly, they received replies from many different areas including Manchester and Wales.

YoungMinds Vs is giving young people a voice to speak out and demands change on the 5 top issues that worry them the most – bullying, school stress, sexual pressures, unemployment and not being able to get help can stress us out.

More than three-quarters of a million young people believe they have nothing to live for, with jobless youngsters facing “devastating” symptoms of mental illness (Princes Trust, 2014).

YoungMinds Vs is fighting the pressure and has created a mass movement of children and young people campaigning for better mental health and wellbeing.

Sign Jack’s petition now and help schools support victims of bullying long-term.
Written by: Zach Baker via Youngminds
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Cybercrime Law & the Consequences of Bullying, an Article Published Today By NoBullying

Cybercrime Law Cybercrime law is an urgent need to be looked at by lawmakers. Everyone must press for tougher more strict laws on cyber safety for kids and teenagers now.

Cybercrime Law
Cybercrime law is an urgent need to be looked at by lawmakers. Everyone must press for tougher more strict laws on cyber safety for kids and teenagers now.

It seems almost impossible that an average teenager could function without online access. There’s no denying that being connected online is now an inevitable part of life and that it’s impossible for a parent to control 100% of any child’s computer activity. NoBullying releases today the guide to Cybercrime Law.
The guide states that as companies race each other toward newer and faster ways to communicate, the technology gap between kids and their parents is becoming wider by the day. Smartphones, tablets and laptops have become the norm for many youth and teenagers, parents often hesitate to step in and monitor how these devices are used.
It is essential for a parent to start discussing a specific cybercrime law with children which might open their eyes along with the parent’s.
Their peers could be bullying them, for instance, or they could be developing a close online friendship with a predator masquerading as a peer. That’s why it’s absolutely crucial to engage in an open, ongoing conversation about the need for a cybercrime law, and about the dangers of everything from sharing a selfie to responding to a message from a supposed acquaintance on social media.
Many parents choose to focus on the positive part of their children’s social media exchanges, happy that their reserved child is finding a community in which he belongs, or thankful that their gossipy teenager is spending her nights texting instead of sneaking out or driving with inexperienced friends. But a cybercrime law might make it harder for predator to use those experiences for harming one’s child.
Cybercrime laws are essentially needed to protect teens and children from the potential dangers lurking behind a computer screen.
Macartan Mulligan, Co-Founder of NoBullying.com, said “Cybercrime law is an urgent need to be looked at by lawmakers. Everyone must press for tougher more strict laws on cyber safety for kids and teenagers now.”
He added that parents and teachers should make a point to educate the younger generations about the sad outcome of bullying online and offline. According to Mulligan, it is quite imperative to press for more firm laws condemning all acts of bullying and harassment.
NoBullying.com features many pages dedicated to parents, teens, teachers, health professionals as well as posts related to cyber safety and the latest news about law making concerning curbing Bullying worldwide as well as inspirational Bullying Poems and famous Bullying Quotes.
The website regularly updates its bullying statistics and cyber bullying statistics as it is essential to understand how widespread the bullying epidemic is. It also regularly runs cyber bullying surveys and questionnaires to get recent updated statistics on everything related to cyberbullying.
He also added that anyone suffering from bullying in any form or way can always find advice and help on the NoBullying website – but if anyone is suffering from severe bullying or cyber bullying, the best thing is to talk to someone locally – a parent, teacher or local organization that has been set up to help with specialized councilors to deal with this topic continue reading »» London, UK (PRWEB) May 17, 2014
CyberBullying Survey - No Bullying-Expert Advice On Cyber Bullying & School Bullying.clipular

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STRUTT Central’s social awareness

pantherThis is a PSA Web Video produced through STRUTT Central‘s social awareness component in their programs for girls. This video is a serious example of the virus Cyber Bullying and it’s disease like effects. It illustrates how fast the virus spreads and infects others and can ruin the lives of it’s victims, in this case Jane Doe. The cure for the virus is found in those who stand up against it. We chose the national Anti Bullying colour PINK to be the symbolic antidote that stopped the bullying from spreading. This video was created to support PINK SHIRT DAY and spread awareness on Cyber Bullying! Please Follow Pink Shirt Day on Facebook and Twitter.

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Victims of bullying live with the consequences for decades, study says

People who were bullied when they were 7 and 11 years old continued to suffer the economic, social and mental health effects in middle age, a new study finds. (Getty Images)

People who were bullied when they were 7 and 11 years old continued to suffer the economic, social and mental health effects in middle age, a new study finds. (Getty Images)

Victims of bullies suffer the psychological consequences all the way until middle age, with higher levels of depression, anxiety and suicide, new research shows.

The immediate ill effects of bullying have been well documented, with experts increasingly seeing it as a form of child abuse. Influential studies from Finland have made the case that people who were bullied as kids continued to suffer as young adults – girls who were bullied grew up to attempt and commit suicide more frequently by the age of 25, for instance, and boys were more likely to develop anxiety disorders.

Now a trio of researchers has taken an even longer view. They examined data on roughly 18,000 people who were born in England, Scotland and Wales during a single week in 1958 and then tracked periodically up through the age of 50 as part of the U.K.’s National Child Development Study.

Back in the 1960s, when the study subjects were 7 and 11 years old, researchers interviewed their parents about bullying. Parents reported whether their children were never, sometimes or frequently bullied by other kids.

Fast-forward to the 2000s. About 78% of the study subjects are still being tracked at age 45, when they are assessed for anxiety and depression by nurses. By the time they’re 50, 61% of them remain in the study, and are asked to fill out a questionnaire that measures psychological distress.

The researchers found that people who were bullied either occasionally or frequently continued to suffer higher levels of psychological distress decades after the bullying occurred. They were more likely than study subjects who were never bullied to be depressed, to assess their general health as poor, and to have worse cognitive functioning. In addition, those who were bullied frequently had a greater risk of anxiety disorders and suicide.

The consequences of bullying were economic as well. Study subjects who had been bullied frequently had fewer years of schooling than their peers, the researchers found. Men in this group were more likely to be unemployed; if they had jobs, their earnings were typically lower.

Adults who were bullied as kids were more socially isolated too. At age 50, bullying victims were less likely to be living with a spouse or a partner; less likely to have spent time with friends recently; and less likely to have friends or family to lean on if they got sick. Overall, they felt their quality of life was worse than people who hadn’t been bullied, and those who had been frequent victims were less optimistic that their lives would get better in the future.

Overall, 28% of the people in the study were bullied occasionally as kids, and an additional 15% were bullied frequently. Boys were more likely to be victims than girls.

“The findings are compelling in showing that the independent contribution of bullying victimization survives the test of time,” the researchers concluded. “The impact of bullying victimization is pervasive, affecting many spheres of a victim’s life.” The L.A Times By Karen Kaplan April 18, 2014, 1:54 p.m.

The study was published online Friday by the American Journal of Psychiatry.

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Amanda Todd case: RCMP detail 5 charges against Dutch citizen

'This is truly a day we've been waiting for'  Amanda's mother, fights back tears at a news conference and expresses her wish that her daughter's story will help increase pressure on child predators worldwide. (CBC) - Carol Todd

‘This is truly a day we’ve been waiting for’ Amanda’s mother, fights back tears at a news conference and expresses her wish that her daughter’s story will help increase pressure on child predators worldwide. (CBC)
- Carol Todd


B.C. RCMP announced charges at a news conference late Thursday afternoon against a 35-year-old Dutch citizen in connection with the online sexual extortion of Amanda Todd, the B.C. teen who killed herself in October 2012, and other alleged victims from around the world. “This is truly a day we’ve been waiting for,” said Todd’s mother Carol, her voice breaking as she fought back tears. “I always knew deep in my heart that what my daughter told me was the truth.” The man, whose identity has not been released, is facing five charges, including extortion, internet luring, criminal harassment and the possession and distribution of child pornography.
Coquitlam, B.C., RCMP Insp. Paulette Freill told reporters that authorities in the Netherlands arrested a Dutch citizen in January in relation to an investigation in that country involving Dutch victims.
Freill says Coquitlam RCMP launched an investigation in December 2010 that involved more than 30 police officers. She says the investigation eventually expanded to include local and international investigators and experts.
The National Child Exploitation Co-ordination Centre says the investigation includes victims from Canada and other countries.

  • International investigation

A Dutch man has been arrested in the Netherlands and charged in connection with the online sexual extortion of teen Amanda Todd, one of many suspected victims identified in an international probe. (CBC)

A Dutch man has been arrested in the Netherlands and charged in connection with the online sexual extortion of teen Amanda Todd, one of many suspected victims identified in an international probe. (CBC)

Insp. Bob Resch says the majority of the victims identified in Canada are children.
“All the police forces and jurisdictions where those victims are located have been notified and been in contact with those victims and have advanced their investigations accordingly,” he said. Carol Todd says Amanda’s story has touched a lot of people around the world. She hopes the added attention will result in the arrest of more offenders who target young people. “It is our hope that Amanda’s case will help the international community to work together to target and find those who commit crimes of exploitation against children and youth,” Todd said.

  • Dutch media identified Todd

    Earlier in the day, the Dutch media organization Omroep Brabant published news identifying Todd as one of the victims in the Netherlands case. The journalist who broke the story in the Netherlands, Mathijs Pennings, told CBC News the man arrested is a Dutch national, who is accused of blackmailing numerous minors after recording their webcam activities. He is also alleged to have extorted older male victims for money. His alleged victims include individuals from Europe, the U.K. and Canada, Pennings said. The man allegedly told the Canadian girl to undress in front of a webcam, which she did, and then he saved those images in order to blackmail her, Omroep Brabant reported. Amanda’s mother told CBC that she was in shock at the news. She said RCMP told her there was an overseas development in the case two months ago. “There were multiple people in those chat rooms,” Carol Todd said. “So this would hopefully be the first layer of many layers that they could uncover.” To continue reading and watch the live video reports click here

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Statement from Minister Blaney to Mark the International Day of Pink

think pinkOTTAWA, ONTARIO–(Marketwired – April 9, 2014) – The Honourable Steven Blaney, Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness, today issued the following statement to highlight the International Day of Pink:

“Each year, the second Wednesday of April marks the International Day of Pink, commemorating the occasion when two students in Nova Scotia, witnessing the bullying of a gay student wearing a pink shirt, decided to step in to help him. They then wanted to do more to help people who were being bullied, and embarked on a movement to encourage students to wear pink shirts in a show of solidarity against bullying.

The International Day of Pink is a day for people around the world to stand together to support diversity and end discrimination and bullying. Each year, millions of people wear pink to show that together, we can make a positive difference.
Bullying, including cyberbullying, affects many young Canadians across the country and has, in some cases, led to tragic consequences. Our Government has made it clear that we will not tolerate any form of bullying, and have taken strong action to enhance the safety and well-being of individuals and communities through education, prevention and enforcement activities.

This includes the national anti-cyberbullying public awareness campaign, StopHatingOnline, to share information on the impacts of cyberbullying, including potential criminal consequences, how to prevent it, and how to report it when it happens. We have also introduced legislation that would make the non-consensual distribution of images a criminal offence.

We encourage Canadians to learn more about bullying and cyberbullying, and to speak out against it. This Government is protecting Canadians by standing up for victims and tackling bullying.”

Follow Public Safety Canada (@Safety_Canada) and GetCyberSafe (@getcybersafe) on Twitter, and like us on Facebook (www.facebook.com/GetCyberSafe).

Jason Tamming
Press Secretary
Office of the Minister of Public Safety and
Emergency Preparedness
613-991-2924

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KPR Schools Counter Bullying During Day Of Pink April 9

ware-pinkDay of Pink – the last of three widespread, annual events devoted to bullying awareness and prevention – will be recognized by schools across the Kawartha Pine Ridge District School Board April 9.
In the Municipality of Clarington, Central Public School will see students and staff wearing pink and highlighting peaceful problem-solving in announcements throughout the week led by Future Aces, a group of student leaders.
Clarington Central Secondary School will mark the day with students and staff wearing pink shirts created following a t-shirt design contest, and with I Support Anti-bullying cardboard t-shirts posted in the foyer. Funds raised by sale of the cardboard mini t-shirts, and from lunchtime Wii Bowling April 9-10, will go to Big Brothers Big Sisters.
John M. James PS students and staff signed an anti-bullying pledge, on display in the front hall. Everyone will receive a pink Bye Bye Bullying bracelet to wear with pink clothing.
Orono PS will hold an assembly at 11:10 a.m. April 9, with inspirational speeches, poems, short stories, tableaux, video remakes, readings, and songs. Students will wear buttons they created, as well as pink clothing. The gym will be decorated with posters. S.T. Worden PS students and staff also will wear pink.
In Northumberland County, April 9 will see a sea of pink at C.R. Gummow PS and George Hamilton PS.
The Leadership Club at Grafton PS is organizing an Everyone Counts Day, and asking students and staff to wear either a shirt with a number on it, or pink. Students are creating a display of Diversity Flags, using pictures, words and symbols to show the things that are important to them and that make them unique and special.
Plainville PS students are receiving pink paper glasses to express who they are, with the glasses to be displayed in a giant collage titled Celebrating Us: Look in My Eyes…What Do You See?” In addition to wearing pink April 9, students also will receive pink glasses to wear as a reminder of the need to see all the wonderful things people have to offer one another.472
In Peterborough City and County, Armour Heights PS students will follow up the Day of Pink by watching a presentation of Snow White, April 10 at 12:40 pm. The presentation focuses on the relationship between the bully, victim and bystander, as well as on conflict resolution and cyber-safety. North Cavan PS will welcome the performance of Snow White at 9:30 a.m. the same day.
Similarly, after encouraging everyone to wear pink April 9, Kawartha Heights PS will welcome families to a presentation on Internet safety and cyber bullying, April 10 at 6:30 p.m.
Quincy Mack’s Increase the Peace presentation will come to Keith Wightman PS at 9 a.m., and Roger Neilson PS at 1:30 p.m.
At Kenner Intermediate School, Team Rock – A Student Committee for Healthy Minds has created a presentation on stigma and negative stereotypes. Team Rock members will visit classrooms during the day to offer the presentation.logo
Author: Kawartha Pine Ridge District School Board
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Cyber-Bullies may face UK imprisonment

Untitled-1LONDON - Under the UK government’s new plans to be introduced this year, criminals convicted with text message abuse or cyber bullying can face up to two years imprisonment. The amendment to the criminal justice bill supported by the British Justice Secretary, Chris Grayling aims to combat trolls that verbally abuse or sexually harass individuals on the internet or via mobile phones in England and Wales. The amendment proposed by the Conservative MP for Ealing Central and Acton Angie Bray seeks for greater penalties of up to two years in prison and is expected to be approved at Westminister this year. Back in January this year, 23-year-old Isabella Sorley and 25-year-old John Nimmo, who sent abusive messages on Twitter to feminist campaigner, Caroline Criado-Perez were sentenced to 12 and 8 weeks in prison, respectively. Previously, British Minister in charge of Culture, Media and Sport, Helen Goodman made a legal framework call in order to tackle cyber bullying as several teenagers commited suicide following online abuse. Back in 2012, 15-year-old Tallulah Wilson was hit by a train. Following her death, it was revealed that she developed an alternative fantasy life online, and in addition last year, a 14-year-old Hannah Smith hung herself following months of bullying by anonymous ‘trolls’ on the internet.
Copyright © 2014 Anadolu Agency

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Book on bullying values kids’ input

dont-beSchools have been concerned with bullying for decades, though recently, sexuality has entered the conversation. Of all the anti-bullying programs that help ensure the safety of gay teens, Donn Short, in “Don’t Be So Gay!,” says Toronto has one of the best. But how good is it? For three months, Short interviewed gay students, advocates and teens who “did not identify as queer but who were, nonetheless, subject to homophobic harassment by their peers” to find out. Subjects were from several Toronto schools; some were teachers. Many teachers didn’t think the policies were working. Students, Short notes, still used negative epithets, and at least one teacher spent considerable time scolding those who did. He was also told that teachers were often “surrounded by homophobic colleagues.” Interestingly, though the policies were meant to ensure safety of LGBTQ students, the students weren’t impressed. They were often more familiar with safe-school policies than most other students and knew when something wasn’t working. Many had experienced homophobia from teachers. One young man, who wasn’t gay but was bullied as if he was, even sued. Overall, queer students strongly suggested that anti-bullying policies would work better if administrators asked the students they’re trying to protect where flaws are in the system of protection. They also believed that bullying would stop if the entire culture were changed, along with attitudes of homosexuality and the ubiquitousness of heteronormativity. “It’s too late for my generation,” says one teen, “We need to be working on the kids in kindergarten.” There’s a lot of good in “Don’t Be So Gay!” — and a lot of otherwise. First, the otherwise: though Short mentions anti-bullying policies in other countries, his focus is on a few Toronto schools; it doesn’t help that he wanders off-topic often, into racial issues rather than the subject at hand. Casual readers may find the info too academic. To the good, Short spent considerable time with the teens, allowing him to get unabashed answers. That kind of honesty, and the well-considered thoughts from gay teens, makes it work. This is by no means a front-of-the-fireplace book. It’s going to take some digging to get the info you’ll need from it. But if you’re concerned about what’s going on with your child at school, “Don’t Be So Gay!” might spark some talking. — Terri Schlichenmeyer the Dallas Voice March 21, 2014.

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Global CyberBullying Survey Launches from NoBullying.com

loveNoBullying.com invites anyone who has ever suffered from online or offline bullying to contribute to its new Cyber Bullying Survey. Macartan Mulligan, Co-Founder of Treze, said, “Hearing about someone being bullied or cyber bullied is one thing but reading numbers gathered from readers, real people from all over the world is another thing.” He added, “It gives everyone an accurate sense of how big bullying and cyber bullying are for real.” He added that parents and teachers should make a point to educate the younger generations about the sad outcome of bullying online and off line. NoBullying.com features many pages dedicated to parents, teens, teachers, health professionals as well as posts related to cyber safety and the latest news about law making concerning curbing Bullying worldwide as well as inspirational Bullying Poems and Bullying Quotes. The website makes a habit of updating its bullying statistics and cyber bullying statistics regularly because it is essential to understand how widespread the bullying epidemic is. He also added that anyone suffering from bullying in any form or way can always reach out to the team of NoBullying and they will be given advice on how to stand up to bullying or protect themselves online.
The founders of the website hope that viewers can truly learn about bullying definition as well as school bullying and workplace bullying and put a serious effort to making it stop by education and caution and not by violence. NoBullying.com is not a mere website but an actual movement against bullying.
Read more @ PRWEB.COM Newswire, London, UK (PRWEB) March 08, 2014

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Kids bullied into mental care

Untitled-1Teenagers are ending up in psychiatric care after being urged to commit suicide online, social service providers say. Evidence of the toll of social media abuse on teenagers has been submitted to a select committee considering tougher laws against cyber-bullying. In its submission, the Dunedin social services council and community law centre said members had dealt with teens suffering mental issues after being repeatedly urged online to end their lives. On one occasion, a 14-year-old’s identity was outed on an online forum. Within three hours there were 150 anonymous posts, some urging the teen to “go kill yourself”. The teen stopped attending school and was admitted to a psychiatric ward. Another agency claimed that nine out of 10 young teenage girls seen by counsellors were told to kill themselves online, the submission said. “The effects of this kind of post or text on the victims vary widely, but it is fairly common for girls to attempt suicide as a result of being told to ‘go kill yourself’.” Social media could also allow already suicidal teens to connect and get advice for ending their lives. One 15-year-old’s Tumblr page was filled with anonymous tips and links to “how to kill yourself”. The teen later attempted suicide. Girls appeared to be more vulnerable than boys, but both were increasingly likely to have a social media presence, such as a Facebook page, at a younger age, the submission said.

fightCyber-bullying has come under increasing scrutiny, with reported links to suicides both here and overseas. Television personality Charlotte Dawson took her life in Sydney last month after a long and public battle with depression. She had been subjected to cyber-bullying. In the past 18 months, the deaths of at least two teenage girls have been linked to abusive texts or online messages, with coroners calling for tougher rules for cyber-bullying. New Zealand has one of the highest rates of youth suicide in the developed world, particularly among young men. Youthline national spokesman Stephen Bell said bullying online was often a manifestation of problems in the real world. However, the internet could connect people in ways that weren’t previously possible, creating new opportunities as well as problems. Social media could be used to glamorise young suicide victims or create new suicide-based communities, such as “cutting clubs”. “These are clubs where self-harm is treated like a lifestyle,” he said. “We got very close to one young person going to the States to meet someone from one of these clubs.”Law changes are before Parliament to create new criminal offences for intentionally posting “harmful” messages online and “inciting suicide”. They would also allow people to complain directly to the courts. Submissions on the changes were largely positive, but there were concerns they could have “chilling effect on free speech” online. Justice Minister Judith Collins said the Harmful Digital Communications Bill “struck a careful balance between freedom of expression on the one hand, and preventing or reducing harm to people on the other”. BEN HEATHER March 12, 2014 © Fairfax NZ News

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Social media defamation the tip of the legal iceberg

LET THE WARS COMMENCE!!

'Reputation will very shortly become one of the biggest tradeable commodities the internet will work on.' Photo: David Paul Morris.

‘Reputation will very shortly become one of the biggest tradeable commodities the internet will work on.’ Photo: David Paul Morris.

Defamation is only the tip of the iceberg according to lawyers who say social media-related challenges could range from workplace bullying claims to commercial disputes.Fairfax Media reported on Monday that the NSW District Court awarded a teacher $105,000 in damages in Australia’s first Twitter defamation battle to proceed to a full trial. The court held that a former student had defamed music teacher Christine Mickle, making false allegations about her on Twitter and Facebook. Lawyer Stuart Gibson said that the case would clarify this area of law. “The same principles [of defamation law] apply [to social media] except that you’re likely to be easier to prove the grapevine effect by social media through discovery and hence amend your claim and possibly seek the cap on damages which is $355,500 at the moment… across the country.”
Mr Gibson said that more claims had been made in the past five years as smartphones made social networks more accessible to more people. “[On social media] everyone becomes a publisher and for the purposes of defamation I suppose potentially liable depending on what they publish.”
He said that while the court lists did not demonstrate a big market for social media-related legal disputes, academic textbooks had been written about the role of the internet in defamation law, which was now part of the curriculum for law students. Law firms, including his, had also started to advertise “social media law” among their services.
Maurice Blackburn employment lawyer Emeline Gaske said it was “inevitable” that people would use exchanges on social media networks as evidence of bullying by co-workers or in the workplace, particularly as the line between home and work hours blurred.
“We don’t have the same cooling-off time before people post things that they come to regret later,” she said. “In the past someone might be at home and feeling angry at a colleague and would not have had an opportunity to say something… until the next day. Now there’s a mechanism for that.”
She argued in the Law Institute Journal that social media posts viewed during work hours could amount to “bullying at work” under recent changes to the Fair Work Act, even if the alleged perpetrator was not at work at the same time.
But Ms Gaske said that the anti-bullying reforms, introduced in January, were not “open slather” for social media claims, because employees still needed to prove that their health and safety were put at risk.
She said that social networks also enabled “employers to monitor behaviour of employees in a way they haven’t been able to before” and to give rise to lawful disciplinary action and dismissal.
She said social networks’ impact on legal disputes was comparable to when emails became a prominent form of communication: “Social media is unique in that it affects all areas of legal practice, both by giving rise to legal claims and by being able to be evidence in legal disputes.”
Fabian Horton, director of Connect Law Australia, said social media also gave rise to all manner of commercial disputes as businesses increasingly used social media to market their brands and communicate with customers.
“Reputation will very shortly become one of the biggest tradeable commodities the internet will work on,” he said. “They’re already creating technologies that will measure, value and market reputation in all its forms, and that includes trust. How much trust does a set of eyeballs place on [an online] persona?”
Legal Affairs Reporter for The Age, posted March 6, 2014 by Jane Lee

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Cyber Bullying: Death of Charlotte Dawson

Charlotte Dawson: Community Brave, Angels Goal Charlette was a well-known model and TV presenter in Australia and New Zealand. She was a judge on Australia’s Next Top Model (seasons 3 to 8). Charlotte also worked on reality show Contender and travel and lifestyle program Getaway. She lost her long battle with depression and committed suicide on February 22nd. She had been the victim of long term cyber bullying and harassment by internet trolls. Charlotte Dawson took a tough stance against cyber bullies. She had a high profile role with the Community Brave Foundation “a Collaborative Community Project to eradicate Online Bullying, Homophobia, Transphobia and Youth Suicide.” Dawson was also National Ambassador for Australian anti bullying organisation Angels Goal. In 2012 she was hospitalised ‘in a fragile state’ after being subjected to a vicious and sustained online bullying campaign.

The Blight of Online Bullying

In a recent cyber bullying survey from FindLaw.com, just over 8% (nearly 1 in 12) parents reported that their children had experienced online bullying. Stephanie Rahlfs, an attorney-editor at FindLaw.com said, “by some reports, bullying – and especially cyberbullying – has reached epidemic proportions among schoolchildren.”
“While our survey indicates that about one in twelve parents report their child being victimized by cyberbullying, the survey likely understates the true incidence of cyberbullying. Many parents may not be aware that their children are receiving threatening or harassing messages, or that reputation-damaging posts about their children are being made on social media sites. Many children may be unwilling or reluctant to share that information with their parents. However, laws on bullying and cyberbullying may offer protections that authorize schools and other authorities, including law enforcement, to take appropriate action to stop the cyberbullying when it occurs.”

Cyber bullying statistics from the NoBullying.com website highlight further concerns:

  • 25 percent of teenagers report that they have experienced repeated bullying via their cell phone or on the internet.
  • Over half (52 percent) of young people report being cyber bullied.
  • Embarrassing or damaging photographs taken without the knowledge or consent of the subject has been reported by 11 percent of adolescents and teens.
  • Of the young people who reported cyber bullying incidents against them, one-third (33 percent) of them reported that their bullies issued online threats.
  • Often, both bullies and cyber bullies turn to hate speech to victimize their target. One-tenth of all middle school and high school students have been on the receiving end of ‘hate terms’ hurled against them.
  • Over half (55 percent) of all teens who use social media have witnessed outright bullying via that medium.
  • An astounding 95 percent of teens who witnessed bullying on social media report that others, like them, have ignored the behaviour.

NoBullying.com recently published “Six Unforgettable Cyberbullying cases”, with moving accounts of the stories of Ryan Halligan, Megan Meier, Jessica Logan, Hope Witsell, Tyler Clementi and Amanda Todd. Vicious online bullying drove these six teenagers to suicide.

Can cyber bullying be stopped?

Exposure to cyber bullying is widespread and people are dying. In Italy, MPs have called for action following the recent suicide of a 14-year-old girl. Governments, parents, educators, legislators and internet companies need to work harder to eradicate cyber bullying.
Signe Whitson writing at the Huffington Post provides 10 Strategies for Stopping Cyberbullying. They are good affirmative steps to take if you find yourself on the receiving end of the trolls.
Police training is an area that needs more focus. There is often confusion about how existing laws apply. New Zealand’s Harmful Digital Communications Bill had its first reading in December 2013 and will report in June 2014. It is highly relevant given Charlotte Dawson’s death.
A farewell to Charlotte Dawson took place in Sydney on Friday February 28th. Those attending included model Megan Gale, Rupert Murdoch‘s son Lachlan Murdoch and his wife Sarah Murdoch and former Labor Minister Graham Richardson.
Posted March 2, 2014 by Steve Nimmons

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    Decreasing Juvenile Delinquency

    prevention pre2prevention preOutside Class “He who opens a school door closes a prison.” –Victor Hugo

    Welcome to the education edition of Prevention Perspectives! This eNewsletter is packed with tips and information about effective methods to decrease delinquency, the real dangers of cyberbullying, and more. We hope it helps you bring new ideas and refreshed hope to the New Year.

    Supporting Students and Decreasing Juvenile Delinquency
    The public school system in Kalamazoo, Michigan has a number of good reasons to believe that therapeutic alternatives to treating juvenile delinquency are effective, among them the 57% decrease in area juvenile arrests since 2008. Read more about how KPS’s multi-dimensional approach to keeping kids in school has played a role in decreased delinquency.

    Want more ideas on keeping kids on track? Get helpful hints about behavior management.

    Guidance for Creating a Positive School Climate
    Can a positive school climate keep kids in school and out of trouble? US Secretary of Education Arne Duncan calls for a decrease in zero-tolerance policies and an increase in restorative practices and positive behavior supports. Watch his video and download the School Discipline Guidance Package prepared by the Departments of Education and Justice.

    Socially Speaking
    Head over to our Facebook page to grab the Promoting Safety on Campus eBook for your staff and clients.

    Cyberbullies Are Real Bullies
    Don’t believe in cyberbullying? That’s not uncommon, according to Delete Cyberbullying, an online organization dedicated to educating kids and parents about the real dangers of living in a connected world. Learning more about the organization is a great first step toward taking a stand against digital harassment—and students can apply for a scholarship in the process!

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    Doctor Bullying Raises Risk to Patient care!!!

    doctor_bullying_tstockDoctors should stop bullying their colleagues for their sake and to ensure patient safety is not compromised, according to UK-wide medical defence organisation the MDDUS (The Medical and Dental Defence Union of Scotland).

    The organisation has issued a warning to the medical profession of the consequences of doctors who bully their colleagues thus failing to follow principles of good practice and risking harm to patient care.

    Last week, the GMC’s annual survey of doctors in training revealed that more than a quarter had experienced undermining behaviour and nearly one in five doctors had witnessed someone being bullied.

    There was also a survey in the autumn by the Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development (CIPD) which found a quarter of doctors and surgeons had been bullied or put under excessive pressure to behave in ways that they believed were not in the best interests of patient care.

    Following these surveys, the MDDUS has now advised doctors who persistently undermine or criticised colleagues to consider carefully the potential impact of their behaviour.

    MDDUS medical adviser Dr Barry Parker said: “Aside from the very obvious emotional consequences for those subjected to the bullying themselves, there may be a wider impact on patient care and patient safety.

    “If there is a breakdown in communication or bad atmosphere between colleagues then it is likely that open communication about patient care will be adversely affected, damaging continuity and the team approach to care that is so important.”

    Doctors should always strive to maintain good relationships with colleagues based on mutual respect and trust, he added and pointed to GMC guidance contained in Good Medical Practice, which says: “You must work collaboratively with colleagues, respecting their skills and contributions. You must treat colleagues fairly and with respect and must be aware of how your behaviour may influence others within and outside the team.”

    The MDDUS also said junior doctors who experienced an environment of bullying were less likely to develop and learn due to a lack of support from senior colleagues.

    Dr Parker said: “Inexperienced doctors may be particularly vulnerable in the face of aggression or rudeness and bullying behaviour can severely impact on their learning and development. Trainee doctors rely on senior colleagues for support and should feel comfortable seeking their advice.

    “If they face criticism and are undermined, then this may have an adverse effect on their confidence and performance. It may also make it more difficult for them to seek advice from a senior colleague when this is needed in order to treat patients safely.

    “Furthermore, an environment where there is a culture of bullying will not encourage reporting and learning from ‘near misses’ or adverse events. This learning is more likely to occur in a culture where individuals feel supported and safe to raise such matters.”
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    Bijan Ebrahimi: softly spoken brother who suffered horrendous bullying

    Sister of the murdered Iranian refugee Bijan Ebrahimi recalls a gentle man who cared for cats, flowers and most of all, his familyBijan Ebrahimi murder victim
    This is a victim impact statement prepared by Bijan Ebrahimi’s sister, Manizhah Moores:

    “I make this victim impact statement on behalf of my brother Bijan’s close family, namely his three sisters, his brother and his two nephews. The purpose of this statement is to provide the court with a fuller understanding of the impact of Bijan’s murder and incineration.

    “In order to explain the impact of these terrible crimes on Bijan and his family, it is necessary to explain something of Bijan’s background. He was born in Iran in 1969. In 1981 our mother was left paralysed by a stroke and she passed away in 1991, when Bijan was 22 years of age. In 1992 our father became ill and it was Bijan who looked after him uncomplainingly until our father’s slow death to cancer a few years later. Witnessing the death of beloved parents meant that life was precious to Bijan; he knew how fragile it could be.

    “As a result of caring for our parents Bijan did not get the same chances in life as we did, such as a university education. On coming to live in the UK in 2000 at 31 years of age he was therefore determined to make a new beginning. Bijan began to work and attend college with the aim of going to university.

    “Unfortunately a back condition that Bijan had had since his 20s worsened, leading to his struggling with his mobility and in recent years becoming registered disabled. However this did not stop Bijan from completing diplomas in plumbing and carpentry. He also studied a foundation course in IT. For the last two years doctors had also suspected that Bijan had mouth cancer; however he was given the all clear just a week before he had his life stolen from him.

    “Bijan was a kind man whose main interests at home were caring for his stray cat and for his flower baskets. He lived in Bristol throughout his time in the UK and met many good people. Unfortunately he was also subjected to horrendous bullying by bad people on a daily basis. Call it racism, call it prejudice – it doesn’t really matter what you call it, the things our brother was subjected to were barbaric. They included setting his home on fire when he lived in West Town Lane [an area of Brislington, Bristol], causing our beloved, softly-spoken brother to slip further and further into depression.

    “As a result Bijan was moved to Capgrave Crescent in Brislington in 2007; however he was deeply unhappy there and had been trying to be relocated for a number of years before his death. Visiting Bijan’s flat on regular basis, my sister witnessed him being called a ‘foreigner’, ‘cockroach’, ‘Paki’ and being told to ‘go back to your own country’ on many occasions by some of the people in the area, which included both young and older people. We hope that nobody else ever has to witness an innocent disabled man being abused, taunted and tortured in the way that Bijan suffered.

    “In our view this prejudice amongst some members of the local community helps explains why events escalated to Bijan being kicked to death and burned on 14 July 2013.

    “In 2008 my sister in Bristol lost her much loved husband to a painful death. Bijan took over the role of being there for my sister and of providing a father figure to her son, a role he took very seriously and enjoyed very much. Bijan has always kept the family together through painful times. He held us when we cried; he made us laugh when we thought we never could again.

    “When Bijan was brutally murdered on 14 July 2013 our lives changed forever. There are no words on this earth that can describe the emptiness we feel. Part of us died with him. Three or four times a week my sister drives to Brislington, sits in her car and cries. Bijan’s young nephews have been deeply affected and have needed to seek counselling. On Sundays Bijan’s chair is empty.

    “Burning Bijan’s body took away the opportunity for us to pay our respects to our brother as we could not view his body before he was laid to rest. To us this felt like Bijan being murdered twice. The loss of Bijan has left a hole in our lives that we can never fill. Our life will never be the same again.”

    Steven Morris: The Guardian.com, Thursday 28 November 2013 15.29 GMT

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