Justice: A Concept of Moral Rightness Based on Ethics

knox_county_courthouse_nebraska_courtroom_1Ethics seeks to resolve questions dealing with human moralityโ€”concepts such as good and evil, right and wrong, virtue and vice, Ethics, also known as moral philosophy, is a branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct. The term comes from the Greek word ethos, which means “character”. Ethics is a complement to Aesthetics in the philosophy field of Axiology. In philosophy, ethics studies the moral behavior in humans, and how one should act. Ethics may be divided into four major areas of study:
Meta-ethics, about the theoretical meaning and reference of moral propositions and how their truth values (if any) may be determined;
Normative ethics, about the practical means of determining a moral course of action;
Applied ethics, about how moral outcomes can be achieved in specific situations;
Descriptive ethics, also known as comparative ethics, is the study of people’s beliefs about morality.
Justice is a concept of moral rightness based on ethics, rationality, law, natural law, religion, equity or fairness, as well as the administration of the law, taking into account the inalienable and inborn rights of all human beings and citizens, the right of all people and individuals to equal protection before the law of their civil rights, without discrimination on the basis of race, gender, sexual orientation, gender identity, national origin, color, ethnicity, religion, disability, age, or other characteristics, and is further regarded as being inclusive of social justice.
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2 thoughts on “Justice: A Concept of Moral Rightness Based on Ethics

  1. Reblogged this on Autumn Leaves and commented:
    Ethics can be simply stated as “Doing unto others as you would have them do to you.” While true justice entails protecting others from those who seek to prey on others.

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  2. Unfortunately, we (as a society) have tended to think of justice peimarily on terms of retribution, in terms of ensuring that people “get what they deserve”. (According to whom?) There is another, I think older, sense of justice which is what we might call fairness, but I don’t really like that word, either, it carries with it too much of the emotional baggage of justice as retribution.

    Let’s take a concrete example. We might say it is unjust that people should go hungry, or be open to ridicule, as a result of such things as where they live, how much money their parents have, the color of their skin and such. That these are factors beyond their control does tend to support the justice as fairness theory, but I think it is more fundamental that they offend our basic sense of right and wrong, of morality, if you will. It seems to me that any instrumental theory of ethics is bound to break down sooner or later. It may take us part of the way, some more than others, but sooner or later, the basic approach is bound to break down.

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