๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Reflections on Ethics


The first step in the evolution of ethics is a sense of solidarity with other human beings.ย  ~ Albert Schweitzer

How to Achieve Happiness and Meaning in Life

Martin Seligman, the father of Positive Psychology, identifies five endeavors crucial to human flourishing โ€“ positive emotion, engagement, good relationships, meaning and purpose in life, and accomplishment.
These elements, which we choose for their own sake in our efforts to flourish, are the foundation of human well-being.
headerSubjective well-being is the scientific term for happiness and life satisfaction โ€“ thinking and feeling that your life is going well, not badly. The science of well-being suggests that as well as experiencing good feelings, people need to undertake activities which are meaningful, engaging, and which make them feel competent and autonomous.
Research in Positive Psychology suggests that happiness and meaning are, in fact, essential elements of well-being. Happiness and meaning are strongly correlated with each other, and often feed off each other.
The more meaning we find in life, the happier we typically feel, and the happier we feel, the more we feel encouraged to pursue even greater meaning and purpose. One way to think about well-being is through the formula:
Happiness + Meaning = Well-being.

Why Do We Use Ethics?

We use ethics in our daily lives to improve the quality of our relationships. High quality close relationships contribute to mental and physical well-being. They fulfill our psychological need for intimacy and belongingness.
How we deal with others is based on what we value in relationships.
What we value in relationships should be the motivation for our actions. Ideally, we should strive to turn those values into virtues, or positive traits of character, by applying them to those relationships and, over time, building a strong character.
The ancient Greeks thought of virtue as a trait or quality that is deemed morally good. The Greek termย arete,ย in its basic sense, means excellence of any kind. The term may also mean moral virtue. The presence of moral virtues, then, can direct a personโ€™s behavior to achieve moral excellenceย and, according to the ancient Greeks, a state ofeudaimonia,ย the Greek word for happiness or welfare.
However, the Greeks thought of happiness in broader terms linking it to moral excellence and the end state of โ€œhuman flourishing.โ€ Human flourishing is characterized by a life worth living, the good life, and a state of well-being.

Article Posted June 21, 2018 by Steven Mintz from:ย 

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